|wild goat (Capra aegagrus), Angora goat (Capra aegagrus hircus), markhor (Capra falconeri), bharal (Pseudois nayaur), Barbary sheep (Ammotragus lervia), West Caucasian tur (Capra caucasica), urial (Ovis orientalis vignei), Alpine ibex (Capra ibex)
English: Drawings of seven species of wild goats and sheep, along with a drawing of an angora ram (a domesticated goat).
Date published 1905
Source The New International Encyclopædia, v. 20, 1905, facing p. 512.
Author unknown artist
Caption: WILD GOATS AND SHEEP
1. WILD GOAT; PASANG (Capra ægagrus). = wild goat (Capra aegagrus)
2. ANGORA RAM. = Angora goat = domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus)
3. MARKHOR (Capra Falconeri); Kabul variety. = markhor (Capra falconeri)
4. BHARAL (Ovis nahura). = bharal or Himalayan blue sheep or naur (Pseudois nayaur)
5. AOUDAD (Ovis tragelaphus). = Barbary sheep (Ammotragus lervia)
6. WESTERN CAUCASUS TUR (Capra Severtzowi). = West Caucasian tur (Capra caucasica)
7. OORIAL or SHA (Ovis Vignei). = urial (Ovis orientalis vignei)
8. ALPINE IBEX (Capra ibex). = Alpine ibex (Capra ibex)
The wild goat (Capra aegagrus) is a widespread species of goat, with a distribution ranging from Europe and Asia Minor to central Asia and the Middle East. It is the ancestor of the domestic goat.
The domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) is a subspecies of goat domesticated from the wild goat of southwest Asia and Eastern Europe. The Angora goat (Turkish: Ankara keçisi) is a breed of domestic goat that is named after Ankara, Turkey, historically known as Angora. Angora goats produce the lustrous fibre known as mohair.
The markhor (Capra falconeri) is a large species of wild goat that is found in northeastern Afghanistan, northern and central Pakistan, Kashmir in northern India, southern Tajikistan, southern Uzbekistan and in the Himalayas.
The bharal or Himalayan blue sheep or naur (Pseudois nayaur) is a caprid found in the high Himalayas of India, Nepal, Bhutan, Tibet, and Pakistan. Its native names include bharal, barhal, bharar and bharut in Hindi, na or sna in Ladakh, nabo in Spitian, naur in Nepali and na or gnao in Bhutan.
The Barbary sheep (Ammotragus lervia) is a species of caprid (goat-antelope) native to rocky mountains in North Africa. Six subspecies have been described. Although it is rare in its native North Africa, it has been introduced to North America, southern Europe, and elsewhere. It is also known as aoudad, waddan, arui, and arruis.
The West Caucasian tur (Capra caucasica syn Capra caucasica caucasica) is a mountain-dwelling goat-antelope found only in the western half of the Caucasus Mountains range.
The urial (Ovis orientalis vignei), also known as the arkars or shapo, is a subspecies group of the wild sheep Ovis orientalis. Noticeable features are the reddish-brown long fur that fades during winter; males are characterized by a black ruff stretching from the neck to the chest and large horns. It is found in western central Asia. The other subspecies group of O. orientalis is the mouflon (Ovis orientalis orientalis group). The two groups have often been considered separate species.
The Alpine ibex (Capra ibex), also known as the steinbock or bouquetin, is a species of wild goat that lives in the mountains of the European Alps. It is a sexually dimorphic species with larger males who carry larger, curved horns. The coat colour is typically brownish grey. Alpine ibex tend to live in steep, rough terrain above the snow line. They are also social, although adult males and females segregate for most of the year, coming together only to mate. Four distinct groups exist; adult male groups, female-offsping groups, groups of young individuals, and mixed sex groups.