장수하늘소 Callipogon relictus (Korean Relict Long-horned Beetle)
장수하늘소 Callipogon relictus (Asian Callipogon Longhorn Beetle)
하늘소과에 딸린 곤충. 몸길이는 수컷이 11cm쯤이며 수컷은 큰 턱이 발달하였다. 우리나라에서는 천연기념물로 지정하여 보호하고 있다. 딱지날개는 적갈색이며 황색 잔털이 났으며 날개 끝은 중괄호 모양으로 구부러졌고 회합선 위에 가시가 있다.
출처: 동물형태도감 (계몽사, 1993년)
Asian Callipogon Longhorn Beetle
Callipogon relictus is called Callipogon and its greatest Callipogon almitaras (male length of about 11cm) is in a friend in Longhorn beetle. Although it was the kind it was presupposed that was lived only in the valley in the South America Amazon River, kind discovery was carried out from the Usury district in Far East Russia the front for about 70 years, and sensation was created in academic circles. This is Callipogon relictus. Argument sprang among scholars why it would be distributed over the remote place beyond the Pacific Ocean. However, it seems that it is appropriate like Stag beetle to consider the preexisted type of old days. That is, the friend of Callipogon relictus also was widely distributed over the Eurasian Continent or the U.S. continent, and he was prosperous. However, according to some factors, probably several kinds were exterminated and only Callipogon relictus remained at last in Asia.
Callipogon is large-sized longhorn beetle with a developed large jaw just like Stag beetle whose length is 8cm - 13 cm. If it is offensive and is going to touch, it is going to bite by this large jaw. A female large jaw is also large, using this large jaw, the diameter of about 2cm bites off the branch of a certain tree, and an egg is produced there.
The length of Acrocinus longimanus is as large-sized as 6cm - 8 cm, and it has the form which changed the forelimb very long. The pattern of the back is also unique and an English name is called hurricane beetle. Especially a male forelimb is long, and when copulating, in order to win a female, it uses. The living thing which made the back of Acrocinus longimanus a form like small scorpion called crab insect has ridden in many cases. It is said that crab insect uses Acrocinus longimanus instead of an airplane.