|Cameroon sailfin chameleon (Trioceros montium), chameleon forest dragon (Gonocephalus chamaeleontinus), common flying dragon (Draco volans), Texas horned lizard (Phrynosoma cornutum), Kuhl's flying gecko (Ptychozoon kuhli), common basilisk (Basiliscus basiliscus), frilled-neck lizard (Chlamydosaurus kingii), thorny dragon (Moloch horridus)
1. Chamaeleon montium (Buchholz) = Trioceros montium/Chamaeleo montium Buchholz, 1874 (See Trioceros montium)
2. Lophyrus tigrinus (Duméril) = Gonocephalus chamaeleontinus Laurenti, 1768 (See Gonocephalus chamaeleontinus)
3. Draconellus volans (Linné) = Draco volans Linnaeus, 1758 (See Draco volans)
4. Phrynosoma cornutum (Wiegmann) = Phrynosoma cornutum (Harlan, 1825) (See Phrynosoma cornutum)
5. Ptychozoon homalocephalum (Kuhl) = Ptychozoon kuhli Stejneger, 1902 (See Ptychozoon kuhli)
6. Basiliscus americanus (Daudin) = Basiliscus basiliscus (Linnaeus, 1758) (See Basiliscus basiliscus)
7. Chlamydosaurus kingii (Gray) = Chlamydosaurus kingii Gray, 1827 (See Chlamydosaurus kingii)
8. Moloch horridus (Gray) = Moloch horridus Gray, 1841 (See Moloch horridus)
1. Cameroon Sailfin Chameleon = Cameroon sailfin chameleon (Trioceros montium)
2. Chameleon Forest Dragon = chameleon forest dragon (Gonocephalus chamaeleontinus)
3. Flying Dragon = common flying dragon (Draco volans)
4. Texas Horned Lizard = Texas horned lizard (Phrynosoma cornutum)
5. Kuhl's Flying Gecko = Kuhl's flying gecko (Ptychozoon kuhli)
6. Common Basilisk = common basilisk (Basiliscus basiliscus)
7. Frill-necked Lizard = frilled-neck lizard (Chlamydosaurus kingii)
8. Thorny Devil = thorny dragon (Moloch horridus)
The 79th lithographic plate from Ernst Haeckel's Kunstformen der Natur (1904) depicts a variety of lizards, or Lacertilia. In terms of evolutionary relationships, these eight lizards demonstrate the diversity of the suborder Lacertilia, which has been replaced by an array of new suborders and infraorders in recent classifications. Unusual species of chameleon and gonocephalus are at the top; the second row has a flying dragon and a Texas horned lizard; the third row has a flying gecko and a common basilisk; on the bottom row are the aptly named frill-necked lizard and the Thorny Devil. As in many of Haeckel's prints, the colors and spatial composition are more of an aesthetic choice than a reproduction of nature; the lithographer Adolf Glitsch worked directly from Haeckel's sketches rather than from first-hand specimens.
(Olaf Breidbach (2004): Visions of Nature: The Art and Science of Ernst Haeckel. Prestel, New York, USA.)
Source Kunstformen der Natur (1904), plate 79: Lacertilia (see here, here and here)
Author Ernst Haeckel (1834–1919) ￼ ￼ ￼
1. The Cameroon sailfin chameleon or Cameroon two-horned mountain chameleon (Trioceros montium) is a species of chameleon endemic to Cameroon. It has a very unusual appearance.
2. The chameleon forest dragon or chameleon anglehead lizard (Gonocephalus chamaeleontinus) is a species of Agamidae from Indonesia and Malaysia. This species lives in a humid tropical environment, in the forests of central Java.
3. The common flying dragon (Draco volans) is a species of lizard endemic to Southeast Asia. Like other members of genus Draco, this species is known for its ability to glide using winglike lateral extensions of skin called patagia.
4. The Texas horned lizard (Phrynosoma cornutum) is a North American species of spikey-bodied reptiles called horned lizards. Phrynosoma cornutum ranges from Colorado and Kansas to northern Mexico (in the Sonoran desert), and from southeastern Arizona to Texas.
5. The Kuhl's flying gecko or the common flying gecko (Ptychozoon kuhli) is a species of Asian gecko. P. kuhli is found in Thailand, Myanmar, India, Malaysian Peninsula, Nicobar Islands, Indonesia, and Singapore.
6. The common basilisk (Basiliscus basiliscus) is a lizard found in Central and South American rainforests near rivers and streams. The basilisk is part of the corytophanid family. It is also known as the South American Jesus lizard, Jesus lizard, Jesus Christ lizard, or lagarto de Jesus Cristo for its ability to run on the surface of water.
7. The frilled-neck lizard (Chlamydosaurus kingii), also known as the frilled lizard, frilled dragon or frilled agama, is a species of lizard which is found mainly in northern Australia and southern New Guinea. This species is the only member of the genus Chlamydosaurus.
8. The thorny dragon or thorny devil (Moloch horridus) is an Australian Lizard, also known as the mountain devil, the thorny lizard, or the moloch. This is the sole species of genus Moloch.