Cat Family - Felidae: cougar (Puma concolor), Canada lynx (Lynx canadensis), lion (Panthera leo), tiger (Panthera tigris)
English: Chart showing four members of the cat family (Felidae).
Source The New International Encyclopædia, v. 12, 1905, facing p. 304.
Author Dodd, Mead, & Company; Julius Bien, Lith., N.Y.
1 PUMA - FELIS CONCOLOR = cougar (Puma concolor)
The cougar (Puma concolor), also commonly known as the mountain lion, puma, panther, or catamount, is a large felid of the subfamily Felinae native to the Americas. Its range, from the Canadian Yukon to the southern Andes of South America, is the greatest of any large wild terrestrial mammal in the Western Hemisphere.
2. LYNX - LYNX BOREALIS = Canada lynx (Lynx canadensis)
The Canada lynx (Lynx canadensis) or Canadian lynx is a North American mammal of the cat family, Felidae. With the recognised subspecies, it ranges across Canada and into Alaska as well as some parts of the northern United States and extending down the Rocky Mountains to Colorado, where they were reintroduced in the 1990s.
3. LION - FELIS LEO = lion (Panthera leo)
The lion (Panthera leo) is one of the big cats in the genus Panthera and a member of the family Felidae. The commonly used term African lion collectively denotes the several subspecies in Africa. With some males exceeding 250 kg in weight, it is the second-largest living cat after the tiger. Wild lions currently exist in sub-Saharan Africa and in India (where an endangered remnant population resides in Gir Forest National Park).
4. TIGER - FELIS TIGRIS = tiger (Panthera tigris)
The tiger (Panthera tigris) is the largest cat species, most recognisable for their pattern of dark vertical stripes on reddish-orange fur with a lighter underside. Tigers once ranged widely across eastern Eurasia, from the Black Sea in the west, to the Indian Ocean in the south, and from Kolyma to Sumatra in the east.