aurochs, urus, ure (Bos primigenius)
English: Aurochs illustration from Sigismund von Herberstein's book published in 1556 captioned "I'm 'urus', tur in Polish, aurox in German (dunces call me bison)"; Latin original: Urus sum, polonis Tur, germanis Aurox: ignari Bisontis nomen dederant
Русский: Тур. Иллюстрация из книги Сигизмунда фон Герберштейна, опубликованной в 1556 году
Author Sigismund von Herberstein https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sigismund_von_Herberstein
The aurochs (/ˈɔːrɒks/ or /ˈaʊrɒks/; pl. aurochs, or rarely aurochsen, aurochses), also urus, ure (Bos primigenius), is an extinct type of large wild cattle that inhabited Europe, Asia, and North Africa. It is the ancestor of domestic cattle. The species survived in Europe until the last recorded aurochs died in the Jaktorów Forest, Poland in 1627.
During the Neolithic Revolution, which occurred during the early Holocene, at least two aurochs domestication events occurred: one related to the Indian subspecies, leading to zebu cattle, and the other one related to the Eurasian subspecies, leading to taurine cattle. Other species of wild bovines were also domesticated, namely the wild water buffalo, gaur, and banteng. In modern cattle, numerous breeds share characteristics of the aurochs, such as a dark colour in the bulls with a light eel stripe along the back (the cows being lighter), or a typical aurochs-like horn shape.
Species: Bos primigenius (Bojanus, 1827)
Bos mauretanicus Thomas, 1881
Bosurus minutus v. D. Malsburg, 1911
Bos namadicus Falconer, 1859