rock dove, rock pigeon (Columba livia)
Illustration of Columba livia Linn., (Rock Dove)
Date between 1832 and 1837
Source John Gould: The Birds of Europe, vol. 4 pl. 3, Bibliothèque nationale de France http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b23000047/f3/
Author Drawn from Nature and on Stone by John and Elizabeth Gould.
The rock dove or rock pigeon (Columba livia) is a member of the bird family Columbidae (doves and pigeons). In common usage, this bird is often simply referred to as the "pigeon". The species includes the domestic pigeon, including the fancy pigeon. Escaped domestic pigeons have raised the populations of feral pigeons around the world. Order: Columbiformes, Family: Columbidae, Genus: Columba, Species: Columba livia Gmelin, 1789.