Giant Hoopoe (Upupa antaios) - Wiki
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Synonyms: Upupa antaois (lapsus)
[Photo] Reconstruction of the (presumed to be) flightless Giant Hoopoe (Upupa antaios) of Saint Helena. presumed to have gone extinct soon after the island's discovery and colonization. URL: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Upupa_antaios.JPG
|Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".|
The Giant Hoopoe
), also known as St. Helena Giant Hoopoe
or St. Helena Hoopoe
, is an extinct species of Hoopoe
), known exclusively from an incomplete subfossil skeleton.
It was endemic to the island of Saint Helena in the South Atlantic. It is considered that it was much larger than its European and African relatives. In addition it was completely flightless. The incomplete skeleton which was found in 1975 by palaeontologist Storrs Olson consists of both coracoids and the left femur. The reasons for its extinction remained unknown, though, it is assumed that it became extinct soon after, if not immediately after, St. Helena was discovered and colonized in 1502, due to the introduction of predators such as black rat
s, and domestic cat
s, as well as habitat destruction.
As all known hoopoe
s are insectivores that feed primarily on large insects, the Giant Hoopoe
may have been a predator of the St. Helena earwig
, an insect which has not been seen alive since 1967.
|The text in this page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article shown in above URL. It is used under the GNU Free Documentation License. You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the GFDL.|