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Pygmy Mammoth (Mammuthus exilis) - Wiki latin dict size=62   common dict size=512
Image Info Original File Name: Channel Islands Pygmy Mammoth (Mammuthus exilis).jpg Resolution: 600x766 File Size: 168620 Bytes Date: 2007:09:13 21:43:09 Upload Time: 2008:01:14 12:47:26
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Subject Pygmy Mammoth (Mammuthus exilis) - Wiki

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Pygmy Mammoth (Mammuthus exilis) - Wiki

Pygmy Mammoth
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Order: Proboscidea
Family: Elephantidae

[Photo] Reconstruction of the Channel Island Pygmy Mammoth, Mammuthus exilis, of Pleistocene California. (C) Stanton F. Fink. URL:
Copyright (C) Stanton F. Fink
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".

The Pygmy Mammoth, also known as the Channel Islands Mammoth, (Mammuthus exilis) was a dwarfed descendant of full-sized mammoths, either Mammuthus columbi, the Columbian Mammoth, or the Imperial Mammoth, M. imperator. M. exilis lived on an island known as Santa Rosae, which was, during the last Ice Age, composed of the northern Channel Islands of California of Santa Cruz Island, Santa Rosa Island, San Miguel Island, and Anacapa Island, with remains found on the first three islands. It is believed that the ancestral mammoth swam across the Santa Barbara Channel from Southern California to Santa Rosae around 20,000 B.C.

The Pygmy Mammoth went extinct over 12,000 years ago, due to a combination of hunting by prehistoric Indians, climatic changes, and loss of habitat due to Santa Rosae splitting into Santa Cruz, Santa Rosa, San Miguel, and Anacapa Islands because of rising sea levels.

Alive, M. exilis would have stood about 120-240cm (4-8 feet) high at the shoulder.

The Pygmy Mammoth should not be confused with the Wrangel Island Mammoth, which was a dwarf race of the Tundra Mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) and which died out around 1700 B.C.
The text in this page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article shown in above URL. It is used under the GNU Free Documentation License. You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the GFDL.

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