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Black-necked Crane (Grus nigricollis) - Wiki latin dict size=99   common dict size=512
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Subject Black-necked Crane (Grus nigricollis) - Wiki

Black-necked Crane (Grus nigricollis) - Wiki; Image ONLY
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Black-necked Crane (Grus nigricollis) - Wiki

Black-necked Crane
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Order: Gruiformes
Family: Gruidae

[Photo] Black-necked Crane (Grus nigricollis). Location: Bronx Zoo, New York - Author:
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".

The Black-necked Crane, Grus nigricollis also known as Tibetan Crane is a large bird and medium-sized crane, up to 139 cm (55 in) long, 235 cm (7.8 ft) wingspan and 5.5 kg (12 lbs). It is whitish-gray crane with a black head, red crown patch, black upper neck and legs, and white patch to the rear of the eye. It has black primaries and secondaries. Both sexes are similar.

The Black-necked Crane is distributed in China, India, Bhutan and Vietnam. It breeds on the Tibetan Plateau, with a small population in adjacent Ladakh, India. It has six wintering areas, mostly at lower altitudes in China, notably at Caohai Lake, but it also winters in Bhutan. In India, the crane breeds near the high altitude lakes of Ladakh such as Tso Kar Lake. The Black-necked Crane is one of the spiritual creatures for the people of the area and is pictured alongside many of their deities in the monasteries of the region.

The estimated population of the species is between 5,600 and 6,000 individuals. The major threat to its survival are the cultivation of its breeding grounds. Also the opening up of the Ladakh valley to tourism has directly affected the crane over the last few years. It is legally protected in China, India and Bhutan.

The Black-necked Crane is evaluated as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It is listed on Appendix I and II of CITES.
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