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Grosbeak (Order: Passeriformes) - Wiki latin dict size=388   common dict size=512
Image Info Original File Name: Evening Grosbeak, Coccothraustes vespertinus 12.jpg Resolution: 250x337 File Size: 41293 Bytes Date: : : : : Camera: Exif Viewer Ver.1.1 (FUJIFILM) Upload Time: 2007:12:27 13:43:12
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Subject Grosbeak (Order: Passeriformes) - Wiki

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Grosbeak (Order: Passeriformes) - Wiki

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Families: Fringillidae, Cardinalidae, Ploceidae

[Photo] Evening Grosbeak (Coccothraustes vespertinus), public domain from USFWS. URL:

Grosbeak is the name given to several species of seed-eating passerine bird with large bills, in the finch and cardinal families.

The following is a list of grosbeaks - note that the groups of species are not each other's closest relatives - they share the name grosbeak purely because of morphological similarity.

The finch family, Fringillidae contains the following 11 extant species (plus two species of Grosbeak Canary):

The S??o Tom?? Grosbeak, Neospiza concolor, a critically endangered restricted-range endemic found only in forests on the island of S??o Tom?? off the West African coast, believed extinct until rediscovered in 1996
The Golden-winged Grosbeak, Rhynchostruthus socotranus, a localised species found in northern Somalia, mountains of south-west Arabia and on the island of Socotra
The Pine Grosbeak, Pinicola enucleator, a pan-Holarctic pine forest species

The two Nearctic species in the genus Coccothraustes (which also contains a Palearctic species, the Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes):
Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus
Hooded Grosbeak Coccothraustes abeillei

The two species in the East Asian genus Eophona:
Japanese Grosbeak Eophona personata
Chinese Grosbeak or Yellow-Billed Grosbeak Eophona migratoria

The four species in the South Asian genus Mycerobas:
Black-and-yellow Grosbeak Mycerobas icterioides
Collared Grosbeak Mycerobas affinis
Spot-winged Grosbeak Mycerobas melanozanthos
White-winged Grosbeak Mycerobas carnipes

The cardinal family, Cardinalidae, of the Americas contains the following 17 extant species:

The Red-and-black Grosbeak, Periporphyrus erythromelas of northern South America

Two species in the Neotropical genus Saltator (all other species in this genus are referred to as saltators):
Slate-coloured Grosbeak, Saltator groseus
Black-throated Grosbeak, Saltator fuliginosus

The two species in the Neotropical genus Caryothraustes:
Black-faced Grosbeak Caryothraustes poliogaster
Yellow-green Grosbeak Caryothraustes canadensis

The Yellow-shouldered Grosbeak Parkerthraustes humeralis of South America
The Crimson-collared Grosbeak, Rhodothraupis celaeno, a restricted-range endemic found only in eastern Mexico

The six species in the genus Pheucticus
Yellow Grosbeak Pheucticus chrysopeplus
Golden-bellied Grosbeak Pheucticus chrysogaster
Black-thighed Grosbeak Pheucticus tibialis, a restricted-range endemic found only in the highlands of Costa Rica and Panama
Black-backed Grosbeak Pheucticus aureoventris
Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus
Black-headed Grosbeak Pheucticus melanocephalus

Two species in the Neotropical genus Cyanocampsa (this genus also contains the Blue Bunting Cyanocampsa parellina):
Ultramarine Grosbeak Cyanocampsa brissonii
Blue-black Grosbeak Cyanocampsa cyanoides

The Glaucous-blue Grosbeak Cyanoloxia glaucocaerulea of eastern South America
The Blue Grosbeak Guiraca caerulea

In addition, there are two extinct species with the name grosbeak: the Bonin Grosbeak Chaunoproctus ferreorostris (a finch), found only on the Ogasawara Islands, which was last recorded in c. 1832, and the Kona Grosbeak or Grosbeak Finch, a Hawaiian honeycreeper, last recorded in c. 1896.

Finally, the weaver family (Ploceidae) contains a species called the Grosbeak Weaver, Amblyospiza albifrons.
The text in this page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article shown in above URL. It is used under the GNU Free Documentation License. You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the GFDL.

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Evening Grosbeak, Coccothraustes vespertinus, is a large finch. In the past, it was treated in a genus of its own as Hesperiphona vespertina, but is now usually placed in the same genus as the Hawfinch of Eurasia.
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Scientific Name: Hesperiphona vespertina (Cooper, 1825)
Synonyms: Coccothraustes vespertinus (Cooper, 1825)
Common Names: Evening Grosbeak
French: Gros-bec errant; German: Abendkernbei├čer; Spanish: Picogordo Vespertino
Taxonomy: Fringilla vespertina W. Cooper, 1825, Sault Sainte Marie, Michigan, USA.
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