Southern Ground-hornbill (Bucorvus leadbeateri) - Wiki
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Synonyms: Bucorvus cafer
[Photo] Southern Ground-hornbill (Bucorvus leadbeateri) adult male. in Moremi National Park, Okavango Delta, Botswana. Image by Duncan Wright (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Sabine%27s_Sunbird).
|Copyright (C) 2005 Duncan Wright|
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The Southern Ground Hornbill
, Bucorvus leadbeateri
or Bucorvus cafer
, is one of two species of ground-hornbill
and is the largest species of hornbill
It is a large bird, at 90 to 129 cm (36 to 51 in) long and a weight of 3.2 to 6.2 kg (7 to 13.6 lbs). It is characterized by black coloration and vivid red patches of bare skin on the face and throat (yellow in juvenile birds
). The white tips of the wings (primary feathers) seen in flight are another diagnostic characteristic. The beak is black, straight and presents a casque, more developed in males. Female Southern Ground Hornbill
s are smaller and have violet-blue skin on their throats.
Its habitat comprises savannahs, woodlands and grasslands. It can be found from from northern Namibia and Angola to northern South Africa to Burundi and Kenya. The Southern Ground Hornbill
is a vulnerable species, mainly confined to national reserves and national parks. They live in groups of 5 to 10 individuals including adults and juveniles. Often, neighbouring groups are engaged in aerial pursuits. They forage on the ground, where they feed on reptile
s, frogs, snails, insects and mammal
s up to the size of hare
s. Juveniles are dependent on adults for 6 to 12 months.
The other species of the genus Bucorvus
is the Abyssinian Ground-hornbill
, Bucorvus abyssinicus
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