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Javan Lutung (Trachypithecus auratus) - Wiki latin dict size=54   common dict size=512
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Subject Javan Lutung (Trachypithecus auratus) - Wiki

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Javan Lutung (Trachypithecus auratus) - Wiki

Javan Lutung
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

[Photo] Javan Lutung (Trachypithecus auratus). Location: Bronx Zoo, New York - Author: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Stavenn
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".


The Javan Lutung, Trachypithecus auratus also known as the Ebony Lutung and Javan Langur, is an Old World monkey from the Colobinae subfamily. It is glossy black with a brownish tinge to its legs, sides, and "sideburns". It is found and endemic to the island of Java, as well as on several of the surrounding Indonesian islands.

Like all langurs, this species' tail is noticeably long, measuring up to 87 cm in length while the body is only around 55 cm long. The two subspecies of this lutung are fairly similar in appearance and are geographically separated; males and females are both usually glossy black, although the females pale, yellowish white patch around the pubic area. Juveniles of both subspecies are orange in color. The nominate subspecies has a rare race that does not lose its juvenile coloration when it matures, instead the coloration darkens slightly, with yellow tinges on its sides, limbs, and around its ears, and a black tinge on its back.

The Javan Lutung inhabits the interior and peripheral areas of rainforests.

This primate is diurnal and arboreal. Its diet is primarily herbivorous, eating leaves, fruit, flowers, and flower buds, although it also eats insect larvae. As with other colobines, it has evolved a specialised stomach to digest plant material more efficiently. This species also has enlarged salivary glands to assist it in breaking down food.

Like other langurs, the Javan Lutung is a social animal, living in groups of around seven individuals, with one or two adult males in the group. Although they will look after offspring of other mothers as well as their own, adult females are aggressive towards females from other groups. The brighter coloring of juveniles may alert females to their presence and ensures that they will always be noticed and protected. This species has no discernible mating season and females produce one offspring at a time.

Subspecies:

Spangled Ebony or Eastern Javan Lutung, Trachypithecus auratus auratus
Western Javan Lutung, Trachypithecus auratus mauritius

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Javan_Lutung
The text in this page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article shown in above URL. It is used under the GNU Free Documentation License. You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the GFDL.

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