Spotted Redshank (Tringa erythropus) - Wiki
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[Photo] Spotted Redshank (Tringa erythropus) juvenile. Polski: Brodziec ??niady. Date 19 August 2006. Author Wojsyl (http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Wojsyl)
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The Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
is a wader in the large bird family Scolopacidae
, the typical waders. It is an arctic bird, breeding across northern Scandinavia and northern Asia. It is a migratory species, wintering around the Mediterranean, tropical Africa, and tropical Asia, usually on fresh water. It is an occasional vagrant in Australia and North America.
It is 29-33 cm long. It is black in breeding plumage, and very pale in winter. It has a red legs and bill, and shows a white oval on the back in flight. Juveniles are grey-brown finely speckled white above, and have pale, finely barred underparts. It nests on open boggy taiga, laying four eggs in a ground scrape. The call is a creaking whistle teu-it (somewhat similar to the call of a Roseate Tern
), the alarm call a kyip-kyip-kyip. Like most waders, it feed on small invertebrates.
The Spotted Redshank
is replaced as a breeding bird further south by the Common Redshank
, which has a shorter bill and legs, and is brown and white above with some dark patterning below, becoming somewhat lighter-toned in winter.
Taxonomically, it forms a close-knit group with the Greater Yellowlegs
and the Greenshank
, which among them show all the basic leg and foot colours of the shanks, demonstrating that this character is paraphyletic (Pereira & Baker, 2005). These three species are the largest shanks apart from the Willet
, which is altogether more robustly built.
The Spotted Redshank
is one of the species to which the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA) applies.
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