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Purple-throated Mountain-gem Hummingbird (Lampornis calolaemus) - Wiki latin dict size=35   common dict size=512
Image Info Original File Name: Purpurkehlnymphe-Purple-throated Mountain-gem Hummingbird (Lampornis calolaemus).jpg Resolution: 1612x2243 File Size: 1718017 Bytes Date: 1980:01:01 00:01:07 Camera: Canon EOS 300D DIGITAL (Canon) F number: f/5.0 Exposure: 1/200 sec Focal Length: 149/1 Upload Time: 2007:09:28 23:22:18
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Subject Purple-throated Mountain-gem Hummingbird (Lampornis calolaemus) - Wiki

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Purple-throated Mountain-gem Hummingbird (Lampornis calolaemus) - Wiki

Purple-throated Mountain-gem
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

[Photo] Purple-throated Mountain-gem Hummingbird (Lampornis calolaemus) male at feeder. Description Purpurkehlnymphe / Purple-throated Mountain Gem / Lampornis calolaema in Monte Verde, Costa Rica. Date 11/2006. Author user:Flicka (http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Flicka)
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".


The Purple-throated Mountain-gem (Lampornis calolaemus) is a hummingbird which breeds in the mountains of southern Nicaragua, northern Costa Rica and western Panama. This bird inhabits forested areas in hilly terrain, and is found at altitudes from 800 m to 2500 m.

It is replaced in southern Costa Rica by its close relatives, the White-throated and Gray-tailed Mountain-gems, with which it is sometimes considered conspecific. These three species form a closely-related group that evolved some 3.5 million years ago and has diversified since.

Description
It is 10.5 cm long. The male weighs 6.0 g and the female 4.8 g. The shortish black bill is slightly curved.

The adult male has bronze-green upperparts and underparts except for a brilliant green crown, purple throat and dark grey tail. The female lacks the bright crown and throat, and has rich cinnamon underparts. Young birds resemble the female but have buff fringes to the upperparts plumage.

The call of this species is a sharp buzzy zeet.

Ecology
The food of this species is mainly nectar, taken from a variety of flowers. For the Rubiaceae Psychotria elata and Palicourea lasiorrachis, it is the default pollinator. Like other hummingbirds it also takes small insects as an essential source of protein. Male Purple-throated Mountain-gems defend flowers and scrubs in their feeding territories, and are dominant over most other hummingbirds.

Females have slightly longer bills than males. There is some degree of niche differentiation between the sexes. Though both prefer flowers with a corolla 14-21 mm long by 3.5-8 mm wide, females far more often than males utilize plants with longer and thinner corollas.

The female Purple-throated Mountain-gem is entirely responsible for nest building and incubation. She lays two white eggs in a deep plant-fibre cup nest 0.7-3.5 m high in a scrub, small tree or vine. Incubation takes 15-19 days, and fledging another 20-26.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Purple-throated_Mountain-gem
The text in this page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article shown in above URL. It is used under the GNU Free Documentation License. You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the GFDL.

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