Indian Tree Viper (Trimeresurus gramineus) - Wiki
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Common names: bamboo pit viper, Indian tree viper, more.
[Photo] Bamboo Pit Viper Trimeresurus gramineus Family Viperidae, Serpentes. Maharashtra, India. Photo by Rishi Vairale (email@example.com). Date: 28 June 2003. Original Image: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Trimeresurus_gramineus_2.psd.jpg
|Copyright (C) 2003 Rishi Vairale|
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is a venomous pit viper species found only in southern India. No subspecies are currently recognized.
Rostral scale as deep as broad or broader than deep; upper head-scales small, smooth, imbricate; supraocular scale narrow, rarely broken up; internasals in contact or separated by one or two scales; 8 to 13 scales on a line between the supraoculars; usually one or two, rarely three, series of scales between the suboculars and the labials ; 9 to 12 upper labials, second usually forming the anterior border of the loreal pit, third largest; temporal scales smooth. Scales more or less distinctly keeled, in 21 (rarely 19 or 23) rows. Ventrals 145-175; anal scale entire; subcaudals 53-76. Upper parts usually bright green, rarely yellowish, greyish, or purplish brown, with or without black, brown, or reddish spots ; usually a light, white, yellow, or red streak along the outer row of scales ; end of tail frequently yellow or red; lower parts green, yellow, or whitish.
Grows to a length of 2.5 feet; tail 6-5 inches.
Bamboo pit viper, Indian tree viper, bamboo snake, Indian green tree viper, green tree viper, bamboo viper, bamboo pitviper.
The range of this species has been restricted to southern India. According to Russell (1796), the type locality is "Vizagapatam, India."
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