Indian Tree Viper (Trimeresurus gramineus) - Wiki
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Common names: bamboo pit viper, Indian tree viper, more.
[Photo] Bamboo Pit Viper Trimeresurus gramineus Family Viperidae, Serpentes. Maharashtra, India. Photo by Rishi Vairale (firstname.lastname@example.org). Date: 28 June 2003. Original Image: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Trimeresurus_gramineus_2.psd.jpg
|Copyright (C) 2003 Rishi Vairale|
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is a venomous pit viper
species found only in southern India. No subspecies are currently recognized.
Rostral scale as deep as broad or broader than deep; upper head-scales small, smooth, imbricate; supraocular scale narrow, rarely broken up; internasals in contact or separated by one or two scales; 8 to 13 scales on a line between the supraoculars; usually one or two, rarely three, series of scales between the suboculars and the labials ; 9 to 12 upper labials, second usually forming the anterior border of the loreal pit, third largest; temporal scales smooth. Scales more or less distinctly keeled, in 21 (rarely 19 or 23) rows. Ventrals 145-175; anal scale entire; subcaudals 53-76. Upper parts usually bright green, rarely yellowish, greyish, or purplish brown, with or without black, brown, or reddish spots ; usually a light, white, yellow, or red streak along the outer row of scales ; end of tail frequently yellow or red; lower parts green, yellow, or whitish.
Grows to a length of 2.5 feet; tail 6-5 inches.
Bamboo pit viper
, Indian tree viper
, bamboo snake
, Indian green tree viper
, green tree viper
, bamboo viper, bamboo pitviper
The range of this species has been restricted to southern India. According to Russell (1796), the type locality is "Vizagapatam, India."
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