Muntjac (Subfamily: Muntiacinae, Genus: Muntiacus) - Wiki
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[Photo] Muntjac deer. Date: 30 May 2004. Photographed by Pratheepps http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Pratheepps
Muntjac are deer of the genus Muntiacus, also known as Barking Deer. Muntjac are the oldest known deer, appearing 15-35 million years ago, with remains found in Miocene deposits in France and Germany.
The present-day species are native to Southeast Asia and can be found from India and Sri Lanka to southern China, Taiwan and Indonesian islands. Reeves's Muntjac has been introduced to England and is now common in some areas there. Being tropical, there is no seasonal rut and mating can take place at any time of year, a behaviour retained by populations introduced to temperate countries. Males have short antlers which can regrow but tend to fight with their tusks (downward pointing canine teeth) for territory.
Muntjac are of great interest in evolutionary studies because of their dramatic chromosome variations and recent discoveries of several new species.
Indian Muntjac or Common Muntjac, Muntiacus muntjak
Reeves's Muntjac or Chinese Muntjac, Muntiacus reevesi
Hairy-fronted Muntjac or Black Muntjac, Muntiacus crinifrons
Fea's Muntjac, Muntiacus feae
Bornean Yellow Muntjac, Muntiacus atherodes
Roosevelt's Muntjac, Muntiacus rooseveltorum
Gongshan Muntjac, Muntiacus gongshanensis
Giant Muntjac, Muntiacus vuquangensis
Truong Son Muntjac Muntiacus truongsonensis
Leaf Muntjac Muntiacus putaoensis
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