Animal Pictures Archive
Animal Photo Album

New Photos Animal News Animal Sounds Animal Movies Upload Photo Copyright Korean
Funny Animal Photos Monsters in Animalia Wiki Articles   Fun Facts about Animals Links Home Mobile A.P.A.
Delete Modify    
Sand Martin (Riparia riparia) - wiki latin dict size=26   common dict size=512
Image Info Original File Name: Riparia_Riparia-2006-Ejdzej-1 Sand Martin, (Riparia riparia).jpg Resolution: 600x800 File Size: 197970 Bytes Date: 2006:07:11 16:13:41 Camera: KODAK Z740 ZOOM DIGITAL CAMERA (EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY) F number: f/3.7 Exposure: 1/125 sec Focal Length: 630/10 Upload Time: 2007:08:26 20:01:21
Author Name (E-mail): Unknown
Subject Sand Martin (Riparia riparia) - wiki

Sand Martin (Riparia riparia) - wiki; Image ONLY
Email : E-Card | Poster | Web Master    Delete   Edit Info   Admin

Description
Sand Martin (Riparia riparia) - wiki

Sand Martin
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

[Photo] Riparia riparia. Picture taken in Dziwn??wek, Poland on Baltic Sea cliff. (crop) Date 11 VII 2006. Author Ejdzej http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Ejdzej

The Sand Martin, (Riparia riparia) is a migratory passerine bird in the swallow family.

It has a wide range in summer, embracing practically the whole of Europe and the Mediterranean countries, part of northern Asia and also North America, where it is called Bank Swallow. It winters in eastern and southern Africa, South America and South Asia (where it is called the Collared Sand Martin).

The subspecies diluta of southern Asia, northern India and southeastern China is sometimes split as a separate species, the Pale Martin, Riparia diluta. It has paler grey-brown upperparts and a less distinct breast band. It winters in Pakistan and southern India.

The Sand Martin appears on its breeding grounds towards the end of March, just in advance of the Barn Swallow, as the first of its family, flitting over the larger sheets of water in search of early flies.

Its brown back, small size and quicker, jerkier flight separate it at once from Swallows and House Martins. Later parties accompany Swallows, but for a time, varying according to weather, the birds remain at these large waters and does not visit its nesting haunts.

The 12 cm long Sand Martin is brown above, white below with a narrow brown band on the breast; the bill is black, the legs brown. The young have rufous tips to the coverts and margins to the secondaries.

The twittering song is continuous when the birds are on the wing, and becomes a conversational undertone after they have settled in the roost. The harsh alarm is heard when a passing Kestrel, Carrion Crow or other suspected enemy requires combined action to drive it away.

The food consists of small insects, mostly gnats and other flies whose early stages are aquatic.

The Sand Martin is sociable in its nesting habits; from a dozen to many hundred pairs will nest close together, according to available space. The nests are at the end of tunnels of from a few inches to three or four feet in length, bored in sand or gravel.

The actual nest is a litter of straw and feathers in a chamber at the end of the burrow; it soon becomes a hotbed of parasites. Four or five white eggs are laid about the middle of May, and a second brood is usual.

The Sand Martin departs early, at any rate from its more northerly haunts. In August, the gatherings at the nightly roost increase enormously, though the advent and departure of passage birds causes great irregularity in numbers.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sand_Martin
The text in this page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article shown in above URL. It is used under the GNU Free Documentation License. You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the GFDL.

Copyright Info AnimmalPicturesArchive.com does not have the copyright for this image. This photograph or artwork is copyright by the photographer or the original artist. If you are to use this photograph, please contact the copyright owner or the poster.

Search Major Animal Websites
Misidentified?
Need further identification?
Any comment?
Leave your message here.
Name :    PASSWORD :
Email :
 
Search
Back List Upload Home Korean
CopyLeft © since 1995, Animal Pictures Archive. All rights may be reserved.
Powered by KRISTAL IRMS   iPhotoScrap photo scrap album

Stats