Song Thrush (Turdus philomelos) - wiki
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[Photo] Photo of The Song Thrush (Turdus philomelos) in Vingis park, Vilnius, Lithuania. (Lietuvi??: Nuotraukoje pavaizduotas Strazdas giesmininkas (Turdus philomelos) Vilniaus Vingio parke, Lietuvoje). Date 2007-05-25. Author Mindaugas Urbonas (http://mindze.mok.lt/)
The Song Thrush (Turdus philomelos), also known in dialects as a throstle, or mavis is a common European member of the thrush family Turdidae.
It is commonly found in well-vegetated woods and gardens over all of Europe south of the Arctic circle, except Iberia. They have also been introduced to New Zealand and Australia. They are common and widespread in NZ however in Australia only a small population around Melbourne survives. Many birds move south during the winter, although some western populations are resident. This species has also been introduced in other parts of the world.
Song Thrushes are omnivorous, eating a wide range of insects, earthworms, snails and berries. They often use a favourite stone as an "anvil" to smash snail shells against.
They do not form flocks, although several birds may be loosely associated in suitable habitat.
Song Thrushes, at about 22???23 cm long and 70???90 g in weight, are smaller than Blackbirds, Turdus merula. Sexes are similar, with plain brown backs and neatly spotted underparts. The breast is washed with buff.
They nest in bushes or hedges, laying four or five eggs (bright glossy blue with black spots) in a neat cup-shaped nest lined with clay. The female incubates for about 14 days; the young fledge in about the same time. Song Thrushes may raise two or three broods in a year.
The male sings its loud song from trees, rooftops or other elevated perches. The song characteristically repeats melodic phrases, as described by Robert Browning in the poem "Home Thoughts, from Abroad":
Hark, where my blossom'd pear-tree in the hedge
Leans to the field and scatters on the clover
Blossoms and dewdrops ??? at the bent spray's edge ???
That's the wise thrush; he sings each song twice over,
Lest you should think he never could recapture
The first fine careless rapture!
although repeating the phrases three times (rather than twice as suggested by Browning) is more common.
The Song Thrush is the emblem of West Bromwich Albion Football Club.
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