Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis) - Wiki
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[Photo] Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis) found on big island of Hawaii. Photograph: Kowloonese http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Kowloonese
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The Common Myna
, Acridotheres tristis
, is a myna
, a member of the starling
family. This bird is a common resident breeder in tropical southern Asia from Afghanistan to India and Sri Lanka. It is also known as the Indian Myna
or Talking Myna
for its ability to mimic human speech.
It has extended its range into southeast Asia, and has been introduced widely elsewhere, including South Africa, Israel, Hawaii, North America (especially in southern Florida), Australia (where it is considered to be one of the top 100 most invasive pests and voted one of the most unpopular ) and New Zealand.
This abundant passerine is typically found in open woodland, cultivation and around habitation. The Common Myna
builds a nest in hole in a tree or wall. The normal clutch is 4-6 eggs. They are popular as cage birds
for their singing and "speaking" abilities.
This 25 cm long bird has dark brown body and wing plumage, with large white wing patches obvious in flight. The head and throat are dark grey. The bill, bare skin around the eyes and strong legs are bright yellow. The sexes are similar. Myna
s mate for life.
Like most starling
s, the Common Myna
is omnivorous. It feeds on insects and fruits and discarded waste from human habitation. It forages on the ground among grass for insects, and especially for grasshopper
s from which it gets the generic name Acridotheres
hunter". It walks on the ground with occasional hops.
The song includes croaks, squawks, chirps, clicks and whistles and it often fluffs its feathers and bobs its head in singing. The Common Myna
screeches warnings to its mate or other birds
in cases of predators in proximity.
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