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Caribbean or West Indian Monk Seal illust (Monachus tropicalis) {!--카리브해물범--> latin dict size=22   common dict size=512
Image Info Original File Name: figb0275.jpg Resolution: 1820x1144 File Size: 259604 Bytes Date: 2005:02:21 20:10:50 Upload Time: 2005:02:21 20:11:29
Author Name (E-mail): Phoby (
Subject Caribbean or West Indian Monk Seal illust (Monachus tropicalis) {!--카리브해물범-->

Caribbean or West Indian Monk Seal illust (Monachus tropicalis) {!--카리브해물범-->; DISPLAY FULL IMAGE.
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Caribbean or West Indian Monk Seal illust (Monachus tropicalis) {!--카리브해물범-->

Plate 19. The West Indian Seal. Monachus tropicalis, Gray.

Image ID: figb0275, Historic NMFS Collection

Photo Source:
The NOAA Photo Library
The National Oceanic & Atmospheric Adminstration (NOAA)

Caribbean Monk Seal or West Indian Monk Seal (Monachus tropicalis), the only seal ever known to be native to the Caribbean sea and the Gulf of Mexico, is now considered extinct. In the United States, the last recorded sighting of this marine mammal occurred in 1932 off the Texas coast. The very last reliable records of this species are of a small colony at Seranilla Bank, Jamaica, in 1952.

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Caribbean Monk Seal
Order Pinnipedia : Family Phocidae : Monachus tropicalis (Gray)

The Caribbean monk seal was a relatively small seal, the upperparts nearly uniform brown, tinged with gray; sides paler; underparts pale yellow or yellowish white; soles and palms naked; pelage very short and stiff; nails on anterior digits well developed, on posterior digits rudimentary. Dental formula: I 2/2, C 1/1, Pm 4/4, M 1/1 X 2 = 32. Total length of males about 2.25 m; females slightly smaller. Weight, 70-140 kg.

Now extinct, the Caribbean monk seal was the only seal native to the Gulf of Mexico. They were tropically distributed but limited to the Gulf of Mexico coast, Yucatan Peninsula, western Caribbean Sea, the Greater and Lesser Antilles, the Bahamas, and the Florida Keys. Records from Texas include one sighting in 1932 and several instances of remains recovered from coastal archaeological sites. M. tropicalis probably became extinct by the mid-1950’s.
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