Barramundi (Lates calcarifer)
Barramundi or Asian sea bass is an estuarine species belonging to the perch family. It is native to the Indo-Pacific region and its range extends north as far as Taiwan, south to the eastern Australian coast, east to Papua New Guinea, and as far west as the Persian Gulf. Barramundi is caught commercially and is produced by aquaculture. Prized sport fish in northern Australia and are capable of reaching up to six and a half feet in length, can live for twenty years, weighing in excess of 50 kg. They are catadromous fish (fish that migrate from fresh water to salt water to spawn or reproduce) and move between fresh and saltwater during the various stages of their life cycle. Mature barramundi live in estuaries and associated coastal waters or in the lower reaches of rivers. They prefer slow-moving water in rivers, creeks, swamps and estuaries, but are adaptable and may often be found around near shore islands and reefs. Barramundi are well suited to aquaculture as they are hardy, fast-growing and universally regarded as a fine table fish.